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The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901 through the proclamation of a Constitution for the federation of six states (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania).
The First World War had a devastating impact on the demographic rate of the Australian population, focusing a climate of social instability in the period between the two world wars brought on by the Depression.  The contribution to the Second World War resulted in an increased sense of pride for the country. With the end of the Second World War the country began a period of economic boom.
The 1950s gave rise to an increased political stability during the course of which there was a greater outspread of economic well-being and a clear boost in social and cultural expansion.

In the 1960s significant changes took place in the society and culture of Australia due to a multitude of reasons:
  -   ethnic multiculturalism induced by post war immigration poised to become in an
      ever increasing measure one of the peculiar features of Australian identity;
 -    the gradual diminishing role of Great Britain as an undisputable point of reference and
      the increased importance of the United States.
In 1967 the Australian people voted overwhelmingly in a national referendum to give the federal government the power to introduce legislation on behalf of Indigenous Australians which from that time onwards, although practically absent, become a recognized component of this Country’s entity.
During the course of its history Australia has always sided with the Western world taking part in all the difficult tests called upon by this strong commitment to its identity.
The aim of our Country is to foster an ever-increasing efficient cooperation on political, economic, social and cultural grounds with Australia.  This goal is connected with a shared sense of fundamental values, and principles which should work towards a better functioning of international relations.
Our two Governments, both firmly committed to the Western world, share a common interest in the development of synergies in the fight against terrorism by pursuing courses of action aimed at enhancing security structures and improving international stability.  The large Italian community living in this Country constitutes an essential feature of bilateral relations.   The development of our relationship on economic and cultural grounds can be made easier to a large extent by the  hard work provided by the Italian community.

Not only that.  It should also be highlighted how this element turns out to be a facilitating factor in the expansion of relations between our Regions and the States of the Commonwealth of Australia.  In this framework interesting and profitable interactions are beginning to take shape so much so as to provide a new and modern articulation of the overall relationship between our two entities.